‚Für den Aufbau einer glaubwürdrigen Alternative zu SYRIZA‘ – Auszüge aus einem Text der Organisation der Internationalen Kommunisten Griechenlands (OKDE)

OKDE ist die Abkür­zung für den his­to­ri­schen Namen der grie­chi­schen Sek­tion der IV. Inter­na­tio­nale.1 Deren heu­tige grie­chi­sche Sek­tion trägt aller­dings seit einer Spal­tung im Jahr 19852 – anspie­lend auf den Namen ihrer Zei­tung – den Namens­zu­satz „Spar­ta­kus“.3 Wäh­rend OKDE-​​Spartakus auf grie­chi­scher Ebene zu ANT­AR­SYA gehört, ist OKDE weder Teil von ANT­AR­SYA noch von SYRIZA und scheint auch zu kei­ner inter­na­tio­na­len Orga­ni­sie­rung zu gehö­ren. Im deutsch-​​sprachigen Raum bezieht sich aller­dings die Revo­lu­tio­när Sozia­lis­ti­sche Orga­ni­sa­tion (RSO) des öfte­ren auf OKDE; u.a. wurde eine OKDE-​​Analyse des Wahl­er­geb­nis­ses vom Mai 2012 über­setzte und ver­öf­fent­licht.

Es fol­gen Aus­züge aus einem Text, der bereits aus dem April die­ses Jah­res stammt (auf der Home­page der Orga­ni­sa­tion gibt es auf Eng­lisch außer­dem u.a. einen Text vom Juni, der mich aber weni­ger anspricht; ein Flug­blatt zum Refe­ren­dum von Anfang Juli, in dem ein „Nein“ emp­foh­len wurde, und eine Zusam­men­stel­lung von inter­na­tio­na­len Texten/​Soli-​​Adressen zum Refe­ren­dum).

In the last three months that SYRIZA is in govern­ment, the indi­ca­ti­ons of its poli­tics show the com­plete dead-​​end of its refor­mist pro­gramm. […]. Our exp­li­cit posi­tion that SYRIZA can­not deal with the struc­tu­ral cri­sis of the bankrupt greek capi­ta­lism, espe­cially as long as it remains dog­ma­ti­cally atta­ched to the EU, the Euro­zone, NATO, etc., is fully pro­ved by all that has taken place during these three months. The deve­lop­ments are expec­ted to be even worse. The fact that the time period of SYRIZA’s governing is yet short, does not change things a lot -apart, per­haps, from a small reservation-​​ as far as the gene­ral course of things is con­cer­ned. Howe­ver, we must avoid exag­ge­ra­ti­ons like the ones KKE (the greek sta­li­nist CP) makes, when it says that not­hing has chan­ged. We must be accu­rate when we examine the situa­tion that has been for­med after the vic­tory of 25th Janu­ary and the acces­sion of SYRIZA to power, in order to be able to draw a policy and tac­tic as cor­rect as pos­si­ble and help the rea­liza­tion of our pro­gram and the building-​​up of our orga­niza­tion.

Des­pite all the above, SYRIZA is still having the sup­port or tolerance of signi­fi­cant parts of the mas­ses. This support/​ tolerance has even pro­bably grown com­pa­red with the elec­tions of Janu­ary 25th, as it was expec­ted due to the dis­en­ga­ge­ment of the mas­ses from the two memo­ran­dum par­ties, ND and PASOK, after their lose of power, as well as their dis­en­ga­ge­ment from the stra­tegy of ter­ror, inti­mi­da­tion and black­mail which these par­ties crea­ted along with the EU impe­ria­lists. This results from a num­ber of rea­sons, the most import­ant of which are the fol­lo­wing: a) The disa­strous policy of the memo­ran­dums and the memo­ran­dum poli­ti­cal forces of ND and PASOK, as well as their cri­sis and the cri­sis of the bour­geois poli­ti­cal per­son­nel. b) The bru­ta­lity of the “Emer­gency State”. c) The con­ti­nuing decline of strugg­les and the con­ti­nuing cri­sis of the orga­ni­zed labor move­ment. d) The lack of an alter­na­tive left solu­tion or of a relia­ble solu­tion on the left of SYRIZA. All these rea­sons have brought out SYRIZA not only as a majo­rity par­lia­men­tary force, but also as the domi­nant poli­ti­cal force. Of course, this domi­nance is very rela­tive and fra­gile, in the cur­rent con­junc­ture of the struc­tu­ral cri­sis of the world capi­ta­lism and the bankruptcy of greek capi­ta­lism; it is even more rela­tive and fra­gile due to the well known weak­nes­ses of SYRIZA. It is more accu­rate to say that this “domi­nance” is based on the weak­ness of the opponents, eit­her on the right or on the left.

Labor move­ment, KKE and ANT­AR­SYA

6. The orga­ni­zed trade union move­ment is, essen­ti­ally, dis­in­te­gra­ted today. The Gene­ral Con­fe­de­ra­tion of Greek Workers and many fede­ra­ti­ons are in deep cri­sis – poli­ti­cal and orga­niza­tio­nal. The rea­sons for this are many and they have been repea­tedly ana­ly­zed. Today, howe­ver, a new rea­son has also appeared con­nec­ted to the dis­in­te­gra­tion of the old unio­nist forces -mainly the ones of PASOK and secon­da­rily the right ones-​​, on the one hand, and the “pre­va­lence” of the left forces, on the other. These left forces not only do not coope­rate -mainly on KKE’s responsibility-​​, but they also para­lyze and dis­unite the move­ment, in a period when the reconstruc­tion of the trade union move­ment is more necessary than ever before. For this rea­son it is natu­ral -up to a point-​​ that we have a decline of mobi­liza­ti­ons, exis­ting and con­ti­nuing – and that the strugg­les that take place have a defen­sive con­tent (against the shut­down of plants and enter­pri­ses). More­over, as SYRIZA has not tou­ched the anti­l­a­bor memo­ran­dum legis­la­tion of the pre­vious period, employ­ers have the abi­lity to create “yel­low trade uni­ons” or to put obst­a­cles to the crea­tion of real unio­nism; on the other hand, “left” forces also have the abi­lity to use this legis­la­tion as they like.

7. KKE’s policy aims at expo­sing the govern­ment and SYRIZA. That is why it equa­tes them with the memo­ran­dum poli­ti­cal forces and it does not hesi­tate to “sail” and ally with any­body (always with forces on its right, never on the left) in order to achieve its goal. Howe­ver, it does not pre­sent any alter­na­tive for today and the cur­rent new situa­tion. Its solu­ti­ons refer to the “socia­list” future, which is the sta­li­nist dic­ta­tor­ships and its prac­tices are the divi­sion of the move­ment and slan­de­ring of all the other forces of the labor move­ment. This policy may rally a very small num­ber of its sup­por­ters -if it does-​​. but the loss it suf­fers on a social and poli­ti­cal level, undoub­tedly, is con­stant. Taking into account the unrea­listic eva­lua­tion of the situa­tion that KKE has been making, espe­cially in the latest years, it seems to have lost its con­tact with the mas­ses.

8. In ANT­AR­SYA, there are many dif­fe­rent opi­ni­ons con­cerning the new situa­tion and SYRIZA. Espe­cially NAR has been fol­lo­wing the same policy as KKE as far as SYRIZA is con­cer­ned, even though it avo­ids equa­ting it with the memo­ran­dum forces in its rhe­to­ric. Howe­ver, it descri­bes its policy as simi­lar or the same as that of the memo­ran­dum forces. This cri­ti­cism and policy (of KKE and ANT­AR­SYA) is com­ple­tely at a dead-​​end or even disa­strous; it can­not assem­ble the mas­ses and more than that it can­not edu­cate them on a revo­lu­tio­nary pro­gram. Thus, there is no alter­na­tive policy to SYRIZA com­ing eit­her from KKE or ANT­AR­SYA, which results in the exis­tence of a major gap.

Today, the tac­tic of Revo­lu­tio­nary Mar­xists can­not be one-​​sided (“Ahead to bring down the govern­ment of SYRIZA”), as it is cer­tain that such an event will objec­tively mean a great defeat of the labor move­ment and pro­bably, the pre­va­lence of reac­tio­nary forces – and this is not because the SYRIZA govern­ment is an Alli­ente type govern­ment or some­thing like that, or a left govern­ment, but because of the exis­ting rela­tion of forces. […]. Our tac­tic should to be dialec­tical – that is, it should com­bine the “over­throw of the govern­ment” with the crea­tion of a credi­ble alter­na­tive that will be able to replace the cur­rent govern­ment, which, soo­ner or later, will col­lapse, or com­pro­mise, or even clash with the capi­tal, the EU/​Eurozone, or just because this clash will come any­way.

Am Ende folgt noch ein län­ge­rer Vor­schlag für eine „tac­tic for today“ mit den Punk­ten a) – g), wobei c) dar­über hin­aus die Unter­punkte c1) – c5) ent­hält und e) einen Unter­punkt e1) hat.

Quelle:

http://​www​.okde​.gr/​a​r​c​h​i​v​e​s​/3849

  1. https://​en​.wiki​pe​dia​.org/​w​i​k​i​/​O​r​g​a​n​i​s​a​t​i​o​n​_​o​f​_​I​n​t​e​r​n​a​t​i​o​n​a​l​i​s​t​_​C​o​m​m​u​n​i​s​t​s​_​o​f​_​G​reece. [zurück]
  2. ebd. [zurück]
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organization_of_Communist_Internationalists_of_Greece%E2%80%93Spartacus [zurück]
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3 Antworten auf „‚Für den Aufbau einer glaubwürdrigen Alternative zu SYRIZA‘ – Auszüge aus einem Text der Organisation der Internationalen Kommunisten Griechenlands (OKDE)“


  1. 1 systemcrash 18. Juli 2015 um 22:21 Uhr

    deutsche übersetzung eines OKDE textes [zum Referendum, TaP] auf der homepage der österreichischen CoReP sektion:

    http://klassenkampf.net/griechenland-okde-sagt-nein/

  2. 2 TaP 18. Juli 2015 um 22:53 Uhr
  3. 3 TaP 02. August 2015 um 22:20 Uhr

    @ „ein Flugblatt zum Referendum von Anfang Juli, in dem ein ‚Nein‘ empfohlen wurde,“ im Artikel.

    Dort:

    http://arbeiter-innen-kampf.org/international/griechenland/odke-ergatiki-pali-fuer-ein-nein-beim-referendum-am-5-juli/

    gibt es eine deutsche Übersetzung des Flugblattes (bestätigt mich in dem Eindruck, den ich bereits von der englischen Fassung hatte: alles andere als begeisternd).

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