‚Für den Aufbau einer glaubwürdrigen Alternative zu SYRIZA‘ – Auszüge aus einem Text der Organisation der Internationalen Kommunisten Griechenlands (OKDE)

OKDE ist die Abkür­zung für den his­to­ri­schen Namen der grie­chi­schen Sek­tion der IV. Inter­na­tio­nale.1 Deren heu­tige grie­chi­sche Sek­tion trägt aller­dings seit einer Spal­tung im Jahr 19852 – anspie­lend auf den Namen ihrer Zei­tung – den Namens­zu­satz „Spar­ta­kus“.3 Wäh­rend OKDE-​​Spartakus auf grie­chi­scher Ebene zu ANT­AR­SYA gehört, ist OKDE weder Teil von ANT­AR­SYA noch von SYRIZA und scheint auch zu kei­ner inter­na­tio­na­len Orga­ni­sie­rung zu gehö­ren. Im deutsch-​​sprachigen Raum bezieht sich aller­dings die Revo­lu­tio­när Sozia­lis­ti­sche Orga­ni­sa­tion (RSO) des öfte­ren auf OKDE; u.a. wurde eine OKDE-​​Analyse des Wahl­er­geb­nis­ses vom Mai 2012 über­setzte und ver­öf­fent­licht.

Es fol­gen Aus­züge aus einem Text, der bereits aus dem April die­ses Jah­res stammt (auf der Home­page der Orga­ni­sa­tion gibt es auf Eng­lisch außer­dem u.a. einen Text vom Juni, der mich aber weni­ger anspricht; ein Flug­blatt zum Refe­ren­dum von Anfang Juli, in dem ein „Nein“ emp­foh­len wurde, und eine Zusam­men­stel­lung von inter­na­tio­na­len Texten/​Soli-​​Adressen zum Refe­ren­dum).

In the last three months that SYRIZA is in govern­ment, the indi­ca­ti­ons of its poli­tics show the com­plete dead-​​end of its refor­mist pro­gramm. […]. Our exp­li­cit posi­tion that SYRIZA can­not deal with the struc­tu­ral cri­sis of the bankrupt greek capi­ta­lism, espe­cially as long as it remains dog­ma­ti­cally atta­ched to the EU, the Euro­zone, NATO, etc., is fully pro­ved by all that has taken place during these three months. The deve­lop­ments are expec­ted to be even worse. The fact that the time period of SYRIZA’s governing is yet short, does not change things a lot -apart, per­haps, from a small reservation-​​ as far as the gene­ral course of things is con­cer­ned. Howe­ver, we must avoid exag­ge­ra­ti­ons like the ones KKE (the greek sta­li­nist CP) makes, when it says that not­hing has chan­ged. We must be accu­rate when we examine the situa­tion that has been for­med after the vic­tory of 25th Janu­ary and the acces­sion of SYRIZA to power, in order to be able to draw a policy and tac­tic as cor­rect as pos­si­ble and help the rea­liza­tion of our pro­gram and the building-​​up of our orga­niza­tion.

Des­pite all the above, SYRIZA is still having the sup­port or tolerance of signi­fi­cant parts of the mas­ses. This support/​ tolerance has even pro­bably grown com­pa­red with the elec­tions of Janu­ary 25th, as it was expec­ted due to the dis­en­ga­ge­ment of the mas­ses from the two memo­ran­dum par­ties, ND and PASOK, after their lose of power, as well as their dis­en­ga­ge­ment from the stra­tegy of ter­ror, inti­mi­da­tion and black­mail which these par­ties crea­ted along with the EU impe­ria­lists. This results from a num­ber of rea­sons, the most import­ant of which are the fol­lo­wing: a) The disa­strous policy of the memo­ran­dums and the memo­ran­dum poli­ti­cal forces of ND and PASOK, as well as their cri­sis and the cri­sis of the bour­geois poli­ti­cal per­son­nel. b) The bru­ta­lity of the “Emer­gency State”. c) The con­ti­nuing decline of strugg­les and the con­ti­nuing cri­sis of the orga­ni­zed labor move­ment. d) The lack of an alter­na­tive left solu­tion or of a relia­ble solu­tion on the left of SYRIZA. All these rea­sons have brought out SYRIZA not only as a majo­rity par­lia­men­tary force, but also as the domi­nant poli­ti­cal force. Of course, this domi­nance is very rela­tive and fra­gile, in the cur­rent con­junc­ture of the struc­tu­ral cri­sis of the world capi­ta­lism and the bankruptcy of greek capi­ta­lism; it is even more rela­tive and fra­gile due to the well known weak­nes­ses of SYRIZA. It is more accu­rate to say that this “domi­nance” is based on the weak­ness of the opponents, eit­her on the right or on the left.

Labor move­ment, KKE and ANT­AR­SYA

6. The orga­ni­zed trade union move­ment is, essen­ti­ally, dis­in­te­gra­ted today. The Gene­ral Con­fe­de­ra­tion of Greek Workers and many fede­ra­ti­ons are in deep cri­sis – poli­ti­cal and orga­niza­tio­nal. The rea­sons for this are many and they have been repea­tedly ana­ly­zed. Today, howe­ver, a new rea­son has also appeared con­nec­ted to the dis­in­te­gra­tion of the old unio­nist forces -mainly the ones of PASOK and secon­da­rily the right ones-​​, on the one hand, and the “pre­va­lence” of the left forces, on the other. These left forces not only do not coope­rate -mainly on KKE’s responsibility-​​, but they also para­lyze and dis­unite the move­ment, in a period when the reconstruc­tion of the trade union move­ment is more necessary than ever before. For this rea­son it is natu­ral -up to a point-​​ that we have a decline of mobi­liza­ti­ons, exis­ting and con­ti­nuing – and that the strugg­les that take place have a defen­sive con­tent (against the shut­down of plants and enter­pri­ses). More­over, as SYRIZA has not tou­ched the anti­l­a­bor memo­ran­dum legis­la­tion of the pre­vious period, employ­ers have the abi­lity to create “yel­low trade uni­ons” or to put obst­a­cles to the crea­tion of real unio­nism; on the other hand, “left” forces also have the abi­lity to use this legis­la­tion as they like.

7. KKE’s policy aims at expo­sing the govern­ment and SYRIZA. That is why it equa­tes them with the memo­ran­dum poli­ti­cal forces and it does not hesi­tate to “sail” and ally with any­body (always with forces on its right, never on the left) in order to achieve its goal. Howe­ver, it does not pre­sent any alter­na­tive for today and the cur­rent new situa­tion. Its solu­ti­ons refer to the “socia­list” future, which is the sta­li­nist dic­ta­tor­ships and its prac­tices are the divi­sion of the move­ment and slan­de­ring of all the other forces of the labor move­ment. This policy may rally a very small num­ber of its sup­por­ters -if it does-​​. but the loss it suf­fers on a social and poli­ti­cal level, undoub­tedly, is con­stant. Taking into account the unrea­listic eva­lua­tion of the situa­tion that KKE has been making, espe­cially in the latest years, it seems to have lost its con­tact with the mas­ses.

8. In ANT­AR­SYA, there are many dif­fe­rent opi­ni­ons con­cerning the new situa­tion and SYRIZA. Espe­cially NAR has been fol­lo­wing the same policy as KKE as far as SYRIZA is con­cer­ned, even though it avo­ids equa­ting it with the memo­ran­dum forces in its rhe­to­ric. Howe­ver, it descri­bes its policy as simi­lar or the same as that of the memo­ran­dum forces. This cri­ti­cism and policy (of KKE and ANT­AR­SYA) is com­ple­tely at a dead-​​end or even disa­strous; it can­not assem­ble the mas­ses and more than that it can­not edu­cate them on a revo­lu­tio­nary pro­gram. Thus, there is no alter­na­tive policy to SYRIZA com­ing eit­her from KKE or ANT­AR­SYA, which results in the exis­tence of a major gap.

Today, the tac­tic of Revo­lu­tio­nary Mar­xists can­not be one-​​sided (“Ahead to bring down the govern­ment of SYRIZA”), as it is cer­tain that such an event will objec­tively mean a great defeat of the labor move­ment and pro­bably, the pre­va­lence of reac­tio­nary forces – and this is not because the SYRIZA govern­ment is an Alli­ente type govern­ment or some­thing like that, or a left govern­ment, but because of the exis­ting rela­tion of forces. […]. Our tac­tic should to be dialec­tical – that is, it should com­bine the “over­throw of the govern­ment” with the crea­tion of a credi­ble alter­na­tive that will be able to replace the cur­rent govern­ment, which, soo­ner or later, will col­lapse, or com­pro­mise, or even clash with the capi­tal, the EU/​Eurozone, or just because this clash will come any­way.

Am Ende folgt noch ein län­ge­rer Vor­schlag für eine „tac­tic for today“ mit den Punk­ten a) – g), wobei c) dar­über hin­aus die Unter­punkte c1) – c5) ent­hält und e) einen Unter­punkt e1) hat.



  1. https://​en​.wiki​pe​dia​.org/​w​i​k​i​/​O​r​g​a​n​i​s​a​t​i​o​n​_​o​f​_​I​n​t​e​r​n​a​t​i​o​n​a​l​i​s​t​_​C​o​m​m​u​n​i​s​t​s​_​o​f​_​G​reece. [zurück]
  2. ebd. [zurück]
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organization_of_Communist_Internationalists_of_Greece%E2%80%93Spartacus [zurück]
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3 Antworten auf „‚Für den Aufbau einer glaubwürdrigen Alternative zu SYRIZA‘ – Auszüge aus einem Text der Organisation der Internationalen Kommunisten Griechenlands (OKDE)“

  1. 1 systemcrash 18. Juli 2015 um 22:21 Uhr

    deutsche übersetzung eines OKDE textes [zum Referendum, TaP] auf der homepage der österreichischen CoReP sektion:


  2. 2 TaP 18. Juli 2015 um 22:53 Uhr
  3. 3 TaP 02. August 2015 um 22:20 Uhr

    @ „ein Flugblatt zum Referendum von Anfang Juli, in dem ein ‚Nein‘ empfohlen wurde,“ im Artikel.



    gibt es eine deutsche Übersetzung des Flugblattes (bestätigt mich in dem Eindruck, den ich bereits von der englischen Fassung hatte: alles andere als begeisternd).

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